Which one is more preferred: Separate grooming tools or a best horse grooming kits?

Buying separate grooming tools or a horse grooming kits is depends on your needs purposes but we recommend that you should go with the best horse grooming kits if you are a beginner and not have much experience of grooming horse, since a single purchase of tools requires knowledge and many other factors.

But weather you choose to buy separate grooming tools or a grooming kits this post will help your save a lot of time researching by giving you the necessary information to form a perfect kit.

#1 A metal curry comb vs a runner curry comb

They are both curry comb but being used differently. A rubber curry comb removes dirt, debris, and loose hair from the horse’s coat. It is brush in a circular manner.

On the other hands, a metal curry brush used to brush in the direction the hair is growing. You also can use metal curry comb to cleans the body brush. It should not be use on the sensitive areas of horse’s body such as legs or face.

#2 What is the best kind of mane comb?

We recommend that you should choose pin-type brush, with smooth, rounded plastic pins set into a flexible rubber surface to brush the horse’s mane. It is ideal to get the mane comb that has widely spaced, sturdy teeth. The Wider-spaced teeth will be gentler on hairs.

#3 What is the best hoof pick?

There are many different choice of hoof pick but the choice is easier than choosing a brush. The hoof pick will come with a hooked metal but you should get the hoof pick also includes a brush on other side.

A hoof pick use to get rid of dirt and stones that trapped under the horse’s hooves, therefor it should be made solid galvanized metal, what make it durable even sterilized with boiling water. Do not choose the hoof picks that are excessively sharp.

Best outdoor rabbit hutch: How large should the rabbit hutch with run be?

In the wild, rabbits have the large area for running, playing and foraging for food. Domesticated rabbits also should be provided an area of exercise to keep fit, stay healthy, use litter for rabbit with odor control, as well as being entertained.

This is why many rabbit owners prefer to get the outdoor rabbit hutch with run for your pets. But not all of them know exactly how big hutch should be. There are even some hutches sold out there are labelled as “large” but the true is they are not big enough.

#1 How big should a hutch and run be?

There is not the exactly size for the rabbit hutch since rabbits come with many different sizes and breeds.  The sizes of hutch also depend on the number of rabbits you are keeping and the space you have available.

However, it is the basic recipe that one to two medium sized rabbits will need hutch space of at least 1 square metre, equivalent to 6ft x 2ft x 2ft hutch, and a run area of at least 2.5 square metres, equivalent to 8ft x 4ft x 4ft run. The longest stretch of the hutch should at least be able to accommodate two rabbits lying down sequentially.

Remember that, these are just minimum measurements, and it is better If you can provide more space than this. It is also important to allow your rabbits access their run whenever they want to.

#2 What if these hutch measurements are too large?

If you have a tiny yard of garden and the ideal size of best outdoor rabbit hutch with run is too large or take almost your garden space, then you have another choice. There are lots of hutch designs out there, and to save the space while provide your pets a comfortable cage, you should choose the multiple levels hutch. The hutch with the run part is place under the enclosure and these two are linked by a ramp is ideally for your situation.

Best hang on protein skimmer: Instant Ocean SeaClone Protein Skimmer vs Coralife Super Protein Skimmer with Pump

If you are serious in keeping your tank clean, then the best hang on protein skimmer is absolutely essential. This is one type of protein skimmers that is very convenient since it hangs on the backside of your tank. Do not take the space inside your tank and do not need a sump under the tank.

This post will go for the detail of our best protein skimmers that may help you narrow down your choice if you are looking for one: Instant Ocean SeaClone Protein Skimmer vs Coralife Super Protein Skimmer with Pump.

As a quick sump up, our top pick of HOB protein skimmer is Instant Ocean SeaClone Protein Skimmer. It seems to be more durable, compact in size and has good customer service.

#1 The skimmer capacity

The most important factor when looking for the skimmer is that make sure it is powerful enough to handle your tank. You’ll want to pick the one that is best suited for the size of your water tank.

Instant ocean skimmer has a reasonable price that anyone can use in the aquariums volume 100 or 150 gallons. While Coralife Super protein skimmer is available in 3 sizes are 65 gallons, 125 gallons and 220 gallons. However, it also can be used for nano reefs and smaller aquariums between 20 and 40 gallons.

#2 Functions

Instant Ocean skimmer includes the powerful and efficient Turbo-Venturi Injector System with Maxi-Jet 1200 pump mixes water with air and producing much amount of microbubbles, which use for dissolved wastes and protein from aquarium water.

Coralife Super Protein Skimmer designed with a patented needle-wheel impeller and aspirating venturi. The needle-wheel system creates a spiraling vortex of water and micro bubbles inside the reaction chamber. Fine proteins and organic compounds will stick on the bubbles and then deposit them in the collection cup.

#3 Size

One more important factor you need to pay your attention to is the size of the product. Since they re HOB protein skimmer, so they will take the space between your tank and the wall. Ensure that you have enough space to place your HOB skimmer before buying it or you will need to move your tank.

Instant Ocean Seaclone skimmer measure 2 x 20,8 x 4 inches, the small footprint and compact size make it easy to fit with most space.

However, Coralife super protein skimmer measure 4.2 x 5.5 x 20.8 inches. Some users complain that it takes a lot of space and also quite complicated to install.

Best saltwater aquarium heater: Cobalt Neo-Therm vs Hygger Titanium Tube Submersible

Saltwater fish life frequently from warmer water, which means you will always need to heat up your tank to maintain the constant temperature inside the tank. The ideal temperature for saltwater fish tanks is between 75 and 82 degrees Fahrenheit. This is why you will need the best saltwater aquarium heater.

The bellowing is the detail about two stands out heaters device: Cobalt Aquatics Flat Neo-Therm Heater vs Hygger Titanium Tube Submersible.

#1 Power

It is an important aspect since the low powered heaters may not provide enough heat for the large fish tank, while high powered heaters use for smaller tanks may overheat and kill the fish inside this tank. Generally speaking, the average power output should be within from 25W to 300W without being damage. That’s what the best aquarium heaters should have to ensure the safety of fishes.

Cobalt Aquatics heater is available in 7 versions with the power range from 25W to 300W.  These models can be adapt to the heating need of the tank volume from 6 gallons to 100 gallons depending on the version you choose.

Hygger heater comes with 2 powers versions are 100W and 200W. They are recommended for aquarium with 10 to 45 gallons of water capacity.

#2 Submersible

In order to ensure the heat is not wasted and the accuracy in the heat distribution, the heater should be required to be submerged in the water.

Cobalt heater is fully submersible, which means you do not have to worry about the unevenly distributed temperature. Besides, The super-flat design of this heater will not disturb your view.

The Hygger heater is fully submersible in water horizontally. It recommends to be placed near the filter and the output of water flow to directly heat up the water and keep the even distribution.

#3 Temperature range and accuracy

Different species of fish require different temperatures level. So Hygger heater offers the adjustable heating range that can be regulated up and down based on the specificity of the fishes. Heating temperature ranges from 32 to 104°F, and it will bring the result accuracy of +/- 0.5° C.

Cobalt Neo-Therm heater offers the neo-therm electronic thermostat will maintain Tank temperature within +0.5°F. It also comes with the temperature range from 66-96°F

 #4 Safety

Cobalt is made of quality material that comprises the neo-therm. It assessed to be made break-proof and shatterproof. You will not need to worry if the heater hurting your fish since this heater will automatically be turned off due to neo-therm.

Hygger heater made from heavy-duty, durable Titanium. It is completely shatterproof and anti-corrosive. This heater also automatically stops heating when the temperature reaches your desired temp.

Best aquarium power filter: MarineLand Emperor Bio-Wheel vs Aqueon QuietFlow LED PRO

In a basic aquarium set up, a fish tank filter will be a secret key that determines the success of this aquarium. The power filter keeps the water clean and circulates air through. 

The best power filter will perform the main stages of the nitrogen cycle to remove algae, nitrate, ammonia, particles suspended in the water to keep the water clean and safe for your adorable fish and plants.

Between many different brands and types of filters out there, we narrow down and introduce here two reliable power filters that will work perfectly with your aquarium: MarineLand Emperor Bio-Wheel vs Aqueon QuietFlow LED PRO.

#1 Power

Before choosing any power filter, you have to ensure that it is can handle your tank by carefully reading the details about the filter power that the manufacturer offer provide on the filter box. In order to get the best result, you should buy the filer power that strong enough to handle at least 4 times water in your tank per hours

Marineland Emperor is certified to filter for 400 gallons per hour and it can be used for aquarium up to 80 gallons. Means while Aqueon QuietFlow LED PRO comes with more options to choose from. 

It has 5 sizes that can work for 10 to 75 gallons tank. The capacity is large enough to handle the most common aquarium out there. It further delivers an impressive 400 gallons per hour of filtration.

#2 Filtration Media

Ideally, the power filter should include 3 filter media with at least 3 stages of filtration: mechanical, chemical, and biological.

Aqueon QuietFlow LED PRO provides mechanical, chemical, biological and optional, additional specialty pad filtration. This great power filter can be able to deliver the best possible performance of the filtration process. 

It also comes with 2 large Aqueon replacement cartridges for standard filtration and a specialty filter pad size of 20/75 that is important for removing the ammonia odor, water cloudiness, and debris from the water.

Marineland Emperor offers 3 filter media. The special filter pads for filtering of the water, catching any debris that might be contained in the water. It also provides the extra slots, which allow the user of adding more media installed so that filtration is even better.

The patented Bio-Wheel technology provides excellent wet/dry biological filtration for the tank. It is also good for the growth of beneficial bacteria.

Best aquarium filter for large tanks: Fluval Canister FX6 Filter VS. Marineland 350 Penguin Filter

An aquarium not only a decoration but also can bring health benefits and relations for the owners. And the larger aquarium is always better since there is more room for decorating and adding fish. Large tanks also require less effort of maintaining.

However, the larger the tank is, the more powerful a filer you will need. But if this is the first time you get to know about the filter, we will help you make the decision by introducing the two best aquarium filter for larger tank: Marineland Penguin 350 BIO-wheel Power Filter VS. Fluval Canister FX6 Filter.

#1 The filter size

The fish tank filter for a larger tank that means they are designed to handle more amount of gallon water, so they often bigger than filers for a small tank. Fluval FX6 is a canister filter; it will take more space than most other types of filters. The dimension is 11.5 x 13.5 x 9 and range to 11.5 x 20.5 x 12.

Marineland Peguin 350 is a bio-well hang on back filter, this filter will require the space to install outside the tank since it is hang on back. This filter also needs a bit more space for the wheel.

These two filters are both installed outside the tank. So before decide to buy them, you should check your blank space to ensure that the filters will fit the space that you have.

#2 Capacity

If your tank is not too big, at mid-range sized tank, then Marineland Penguin 350 is the ideal option for you. It works for aquarium up to 70 gallons in volume. It also can handle 350 gallons of water per hour.

While if you own a very large tank, will Fluval FX6 may be a better option for you. It is more costly than other devices, but it is certainly worth it. Fluval FX6 designed to uses for the tank is up to 400 gallons in volume and astounding 563 gallons per hour.

These two filers have a different capacity and handle different types of aquarium. In order to get the best results, you are recommended to use these filters for the tank size that has a smaller volume than what the filter is designated.

#3 Filtration effectiveness

Fluval FX6 Canister includes 6 stages filtration with 3 filter media: mechanical, chemical and biological. You can use it for both freshwater and saltwater aquarium.

It offers smart pump technology and self-starting features. You only need to add water, plugin and the smart pump will do its work. Including removable, stackable media baskets, each one capable of holding 5,9 liters of media.

Marineland Penguin 350 includes the bio-wheel, which is designed for optimal cycling allows beneficial bacteria to be growth in the tank. But this bio-wheel is not really great for aquatic plants.

This filter is also great to remove small particles. But larger particles will require to remove manually.

Why should you need a bearded dragon collar?

Have you ever seen people walk his bearded dragon in a park on a leash? For people who are keeping a bearded dragon, it is certainly their favorite activity outdoor.

In stead let him roam around his terrarium, take him outside with a leash will bring him a lot of health benefit. It will make you surprised due to its convenience that more than you will need.

This following is the reason why you should buy a bearded dragon collar.

#1 Sunbathing

The most important benefit when you take him out on with the best bearded dragon leash to sunbathing is provided him with natural heat. Your bearded dragon, like the other reptiles, need some heat to support his body functions.

Bearded dragon prefers hot sunlight from natural than UV lamps in the terrarium.

#2 Keep him safe

A bearded dragon can be a very active animal, the collar will help you to control him, keep him by your side or may him will disappear some way when walking around.

The collar can also ensure your bearded always safe, be secured, eating harmful insects and won’t get lost while he explores the new surroundings.

#3 Training your pet

Many people decide to buy a collar because of this reason. Training your pet is a hard task but it is not impossible. With the collar to control and training, your bearded dragon can do some tricks like other pets.

#4 Accessory

The best bearded dragon leash can also be an accessory that makes your bearded dragon cute. If your pet felt uncomfortable when you get them on clothes and try to make him look good. You should buy him a collar instead.

 #5 Health benefits

Get him outside to walk with a collar will help him in digesting his food and support other physiological body functions such as the metabolism process, avoid obesity.

Optimal crested gecko humidity in enclosure

High humidity levels help reptiles and amphibians in the shedding process and hydration, which is important even when they still small. And crested geckos are no exception.

Before crested geckos shedding, their skin becomes faded and even turn to pale. This is when you have to increase the humidity in the cage. And after shedding done, crested geckos used much energy and then they need time to take a rest. You should give them a humid hide place to take shelter.

Crested geckos shed their skin for about once a month or more, and this is the reason why you should maintain crested gecko humidity in enclosure always at high levels.

Optimal humidity for crested gecko

Crested geckos require high humidity levels. The ideal humidity for crested gecko is between 60-85%. They can also live in the environment with humidity about 50% as long as they provided enough water to drink and you will give them high humidity immediately after. Therefore, optimal humidity for crested geckos in the enclosure should always be about 50%.

Constant moisture can cause the risk of mold and mildew growth, so you are encouraged to make the humidity down to around 50% for a few hours per day before misting it again.

How to keep humidity in enclosure?

To achieve these humidity levels, you should use some moisturizing substrates such as soil mix and moss. Besides, using a humidifier or reptile fogger to maintain humidity levels. Misting is the best way to keep your crested gecko hydration.

Depend on the types your substrate you using, how well your tank holds humidity, the climate of your area, misting the plants, substrates and tank walls at least once a day, in the evening and once again in the morning if needed. One more way to improve humidity is placed a bowl of water under the lamp when the water is evaporated, the humidity levels will increase.

You also should measure and control the humidity levels in the tank by using a hygrometer, or using combines both hygrometer and thermometer in two sides of the tank.

Things You Should Know Before Choosing Leopard Gecko Substrate

There are lots of leopard geckos that lose their lives due to the wrong choice of substrate. Leopard geckos are quite sensitive; this is the reason why many young leopard geckos do not even live for longer than one year.

Therefore, it is important to do your own research about leopard gecko substrate before making the decision.

What is substrate for leopard geckos?

The substrate can be known as bedding is the material that you can place in the leopard gecko tank’s floor for them to walk on.

There are some substrates that are safe for leopard gecko such as paper towels, newspaper, reptile carpet, special clay substrate, etc. And some unsafe leopard gecko substrates like sand, wood chippings, etc.

You also can create the DIY substrate for your geckos by 40% organic soil, 40% sand, and 20% clay. This mixture should be dry totally before you allow your pet uses it.

Tips for using substrate for leopard geckos

You should line a few inches of the substrate at the bottom of your terrarium. This will ensure that the substrate is thick enough. Your pet can safely dig and burrow in this best substrate for leopard gecko.

If you are using the heat pad to warm up your geckos, you should place the heat pad outside under the tank. The heat pad will het up the substrate but do not overheat your leopard geckos, help you maintain the proper temperature in the tank.

Preventing impaction in leopard geckos?

Impaction is a health threat that can happen for every lizard that is kept in captivity, the leopard gecko is no exception.

The impaction occurs when your leopard geckos consume their substrate but it is cannot digest, compact in the intestines and block it. Impaction almost caused by the wrong substrate.

If impaction is not found early, it eventually can lead the death is possible for leopard geckos. This is why you should not use sand as a leopard geckos substrate since the risks that the sand brings far outweigh the benefits.

How To Feed Bearded Dragon?

One of the most important things when deciding to keep bearded dragons is that you have to learn how to feed a bearded dragon. Your bearded dragons require a nutritious diet with a reasonable amount, which will help them live longer, healthy and happier.

There are lots of things when it comes to bearded dragons diet: Some insects and plant matter are highly recommended to offer, but some kind of them should be avoided; the amount of food they should eat depends on their age, etc. Therefore, how to feed bearded dragon is not as simple as it seems to be.

Bearded dragons basic diet

Bearded dragons are omnivorous, which means they can be able to eat both insects and plant-based food.

In captivity, there are some staple insects that you can provide them such as crickets, dubia roaches, hornworms, etc. Some other insects that you can offer them as treat are mealworms, wax worms, butter worms, silkworms, etc.

And fireflies, boxelder bugs, wild-caught insects are very toxic to bearded dragons and should never be provided.

Vegetables take the largest portion of bearded dragon diet. The staple greens and vegetables for bearded dragons are collards, mustard greens, watercress, endive, acorn squash, snap peas, sweet potato, green beans, etc.

And some vegetables below you should feed them rarely or never are: beet greens, lettuce, spinach, tomatoes, avocados, rhubarb. These vegetables can cause health problems for your pet and even cause the dead is possible.

Note: You should never put bearded dragon food directly on the substrate. That will affect their digestive system and even the best bearded dragon substrate is unavoidable.

Baby bearded dragons diet requirement

Baby bearded dragons require much amount of protein and nutrients to grown and build their body. Therefore, they will need to eat more insects than the plant. The number of insects should be accounted for 80% of their diet.

So how to feed a baby bearded dragon? You should allow the babies to eat more frequently than the older bearded dragons. They can be fed for 4-5 meals per day, and you can expect them to eat about 20-70 insects per day.

There is a note that you should feed them with vegetables and fruit before you feed them insects. Because they tend to prefer insects over vegetables, so they might eat only insects and ignore the vegetables.

Adult bearded dragons diet requirement

The requirement of bearded dragons’ diet will change quite a lot when they become adults. Adult bearded dragons almost no longer growing, they also have a risk of obesity and they even can go for a few days without eating.

Due to this, an adult will need fewer insects than a vegetable. They require about 20% of insects and 80% of the diet should be planted.

Besides, you need to decrease the time of feeding them; adult bearded dragons must be offered food only once per day.