What are the best dimensions of mice cage?

Before you bring the new mice to home, it is important to make sure you are set up with all the right kit to look after them. And the first thing you should have is the best cage for mice. Mice are cute furry little creatures.

Just like other home pets, mice require cages that are spacious because they love climbing and running around and it should also be easily accessible. Also, mice can easily squeeze through even the smallest of spaces. Due to this, you have to know well about the ideal cage dimension for mice before decide to get the best one.

#1 How big should a mice cage be?

Since mice spend most of their lifetime in the cage so they need ample space that will allow them to move freely about. Besides, they also require some accessories in their cage to live happy. So, the cage must have enough space for all those things to allow the animals to express all their natural behaviours without becoming stressed.

As the basic guide line, when choosing a cage for mice, a cage that is suitable for around 4 rats, will comfortably house around 8 mice. The cage needs a good size bottom space of at least 65 x 45 cm. Besides, mice also love to climb, their cage should not be too low. 40 cm is a good minimum height for a mouse cage.

#2 What is the good size of bar spacing?

Getting the bar spacing right on a cage is crucial to keeping pet mice safe and prevent them from escape. Instead of their age, the weigh is the factor that determine the bar spacing. A difference of 20 g (0.7 oz) in mouse weight can easily make a cage bar spacing suitable or not suitable.

Going to the detail, bar spacing of 6-7 mm is suitable for mice over about 15g. Bar spacing of 9 mm is the standard size for the average adult sized mouse. Bar spacing of 10-12 mm is only suitable for very large mice, and it is better to avoid this as these bars are often weaker and easier for mice to escape from.

#3 How deep should a cage base be?

Remember that there are some cages can offer you the ideal bar spacing but not provide a deep enough base. Mice love burrowing and digging into their substrate and you will want to give them a deep enough base to keep the substrate in the cage and not thrown all over your floor.

Ideally, a cage base should be around 15 cm, but 13-14 cm is still be fine if you cannot find a 15 cm base cage.

Related To Cage For Mice

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What are common mistakes could kill plants in chameleon cage?

One of the most common questions most new chameleon owners often ask is why their plants are not thriving or even died. Many chameleon keepers cannot keep plants alive. We definitely need to change this. One of the good indication that show your cage is a healthy environment for your chameleon is a lush, thriving plants life.

The best plants for chameleons need just light and water from you and the right temperature range. There are a number of other reasons why a plant could die, and these common culprits could be at fault.

#1 Overwatering

This is the most common mistake for many new chameleon owners. We all know that plants need water to alive but many owners have a fear of under watering, so they give their houseplants more water than they are able to use. Overwatering could lead that the plants are waterlogged and end up with you throwing away a dead plant. You can use pots with excellent drainage to avoid the dreaded root rot.

#2 Lack of water

On the other hands, there is other problem with water plants, of course, under watering. Once established, these plants actually like having their soil a bit on the dry side. Some type of plants like desert plants (cactuses, succulents) even do not require as much water as many other types of plants, they just need to be watered few times a week.

Make sure that you know the favoured conditions of each plants and follow the care instructions for the particular plant you’re keeping.

#3 Wrong type of soil

Basically, organic soil will work well with plants used in a chameleon cage that prevents harmful chemicals. This soil also available at local plant stores at affordable price. However, there are also some type of plants have special requirement.

Succulents need good drainage, while many other kinds of plants require more dense soil.

#4 Overexpose or lack of light

There are some types of plants will require low-light spectrum and you will need to place them where it will be shielded and avoid from direct UV rays. On the other hand, you can put light-worshipping plants right next to your heat lamps.

Additionally, it is the note that heat lamps may not be sufficient to support the plant’s need for lighting. You may need to place them under the direct sunlight. Check what level of light a plant requires, as specified by the seller.

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What are the best toys set for bird?

There are various types of toys that birds prefer to play with and they serve for different activities and benefits. This is because birds naturally have different behaviours. Thus, you need to provide your birds some types of toys to meet the different needs. In general, it is recommended to give your new birds four to six toys of different types.

In order to save your time of choosing separate toys and if you have no ideal about best bird toys, there are some toy sets available on the market that are include a few toy pieces at different types. That means you just need to buy a toy set and get all types of toys your birds need such as exercise toy, foraging toy, chew toy, bird perch toy, etc.

#1 BWOGUE 5pcs Bird Parrot Toys

This 5 pieces toys of BWOGUE provides all you need to support natural behaviours of your birds. It includes chewing toys, hanging bell, hammock swing toy. It is made pf natural wood and steel wire swings, which is 100% safe for birds.

It features steel hook to easy attracted to the wire bird cage. Your birds will have fun time enjoy these colorful toys. They also can make the noise due to the bells, it will encourage your birds to play with it. This toy set for bird comes with five different toys, that allow birds to climb on, chew on and hang with. If you do not want your birds get bored or wreak havoc in their cage, this toys set is a good ideal to encourages your birds to be active and entertained.

These multiple function toys also designed to soothe your bird’s feet. However, the only drawback is that it is includes lots of bells, which may disturb you. Besides, the chimes in the bells come off easily.

#2 PETUOL Small Bird Swing Toys – 6 PCS

The most attractive feature of this toy set is the 6 pieces of toys and the variety that it comes with. It offers most everything you would want for your birds to play with. There are 2 pieces of swinging toys, 2 pieces of chew toy, 2 pieces of rope bungee hanging toys.

These toys will add the benefit of encourage your bird do exercise, improve well-being and stimulate their minds. Not only bird, this toy set also can be used for rodents such as hamster, rat, gerbils and other small animals.

It is designed to 100% safe for birds. It is made of food-grade colors and naturally non-toxic wood. Besides, it helps the bird’s feet rest and the rubber rope can help your pet to excercise and improve balance ability. All the peices includes an active hook, which makes it easy to be attaches to the wire cage.

#3 Mrli Pet Bird Perch Platform Stand Wood

Unlike these privious option, this toy set is the play ground that are includes several pieceis. It will create a safe comfortabke and fun area for birds to play with. It features all your bird need to play, it includes some perches, a hanging ladder, a rigid ladder, 2 swings, 2 bowls for storage food and water, and a hanging toy with bell.

This toy also easy to clean as it feature a removeable tray at the bottom. Unlike other toys, this one is quite simple as it made of unpainted, unstained wood, non-colorful. The hardware to attach them is made from stainless steel. It also commit the durability and starble as all the parts are attacted to each other by screws ,not glue.

#4 Deloky 7pcs Bird Swing Chewing Toys

This toy set includes various toys, which will suppost the chewing, climbing, swinging behaviors of the birds. Ou can rest you mid provide these toys for your pets as it is unpainted, made of 100% non-toxic wood material and 100% handmade.

They are designed for bird’s feet to rest and also give your pets exercise opportunities.Unlike these other toys which have vibrant colors, these toys has the natural color of wood, what makes it easy to integrate into any cage setup.

#5 KATUMO 6 pcs Bird Parrot Toys

This is another handmade toy set for birds. With these 6 pieces of toys in this set, you pets will always be happy and healthy in their cage. It includes full pack of chewing, swinging, hanging, and climbing. Toys. It comes with vibrant colors, which will make the bird cage  funny and being a great addition for the cage.

To ensure the safety of birds, these toys are mede from pure natural wood and non-hazardous ABS materials. There are only the small problem with these toy is that you may get hard to open the hooks on the top of these toys.

Best aquarium lighting for fish color: Current USA Orbit Marine vs Fluval Aquasky

Many fish keepers prefer to keep colorful species of fish such as Cichlid, Mollies, Neon, but not all of them know that fish colors are affected by the light spectrum. An aquarium lighting system plays an important role in keeping your fish in vibrant colors.

We want to introduce here two best aquariums lighting for fish color: Current USA Orbit Marine Aquarium Light vs Fluval Aquasky LED Aquarium Light.

If you are finding the light, which has built-in as multiple colors for maximizing the visual appeal of your saltwater aquarium and modes management with the passage of time, then we recommend using Current USA Orbit Marine Aquarium Light. For more information, please see the details below.

#1 Full spectrum

Current USA orbit Marine LED provides ultra-bright LEDs and a wide color spectrum, which will create an attractive appearance for your corals and fish. This LED light produces an impressive number of color spectrums, which offer eye-catching color rendition and many shimmer effects.

Fluval Aquasky LED includes light and tri-colored light. Each individual LED will emit 120 degrees of light dispersion for coverage of all the tanks.

Since different fish colors will tend to showcase and look incredibly beautiful under different colors of light. So the best LED aquarium lighting with full-spectrum light will allow you plenty of options that you can change depending on the fish colors.

#2 Modes

As mention, the limitless number spectrums of Current USA orbit Marine light crest a wide array of special lighting effects such as shimmer, pulse, fading. It also offers some modes like cloud cover effects, storm modes with lightning strikes and innovative evening modes.

Current USA orbit marine lighting also mimics the natural light from slow sunrise, bright daylight, dimming sunset to moonlight. It creates a 24 hours natural lighting schedule.

Fluval Aquasky Light product 11 different modes, which allow you to bring out various colors on your fish while changing the different attractive modes. These modes are cloud cover, sunrise, sunset, moon, storm, lightning and more.

#3 Control

Current USA orbit marine light allows you to control and set 24 hours on/off time with gradual sunrise, sunset, daylight, moonlight; adjustable color spectrums and intensity; 6 weather effects; wave pump; flow mode, flow rate, even feed mode, etc. All it takes is one tough by the LOOP controller with wireless remote features.

Fluval Aquasky includes infrared SKY pad remote, which allows you to control adjust color spectrum, brightness, and lighting effects with 4 memory-save settings. But the drawback is that it not comes with the built-in timer to automatically on and off at the times you set.

How can I stop my hamster from chewing bars?

If you have kept a hamster, you will recognize the sound of a hamster chewing on the bars of their cage. There are some reasons that make your hamster chew bars. Chewing helps keep the teeth at a healthy length. Besides, bar chewing could be due to boredom, anxiety, a cage that is too small.

You also should know that chewing bars is definitely not good for your hamsters, and you must find the way to stop them doing this.

#1 Why does bars chewing bad for hamsters?

Although hamster need chewing as if they didn’t chew on things then their front teeth would grow to be far too long, metal bars are not ideal chew toys for them. Chewing the metal bars of their cage cannot wear down their teeth but can damage your hamster’s teeth and cause them to become misaligned.

These misaligned teeth will need regular trimming or it will continually grow and make the dead is possible for hamsters.

#2 Provide safe chew toys

It is obvious that hamsters need something to chew to keep their teeth from getting too long. The chewing helps keep the size of these teeth in check. This is why the first solution for bar chewing is give hamster something more suitable to chew on.

Hamsters should get plenty of safe chew toys. There are some best hamster chews that you should add into the hamster cage: Wooden chew toys, unflavoured dog biscuits, carrots and other safe foods that they can gnaw on.

#3 Give them larger cage

The bar-chewing could be a sign that your hamster feeling trapped in their cage. Hamsters need a lot of room to roam for their daily activities of running, burrowing, storing food. They may chew their bars to escape from the cage. When the cage is too small, the hamster’s natural instinct tells him to try and get out.

#4 Enrich their environment

The most probable reason behind your hamster’s bar-chewing is boredom. If you are kept in the enclosure with nothing to entertain and no mental stimulation, you will want to escape or need something to do. The bar-chewing becomes an outlet, which gives them something else to do inside their cage.

In this case, you will need enrich the enclosure environment of hamster. Give them something to keep them busy and away from chewing the cage bars. You can add a variety of hamster toys. Create or give them maze of hamster tunnels, your hamster will love to explore the tunnels. Enriching your hamster diet with healthy treats.

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First-principles to make the ideal betta fish tanks

There is no doubt about the judgment that betta is a colorful, lively and beautiful fish that be an ideal choice for keeping.  And if you are keeping a beta fish tanks, did you set up a proper tank for them?

In order to make the ideal betta fish tanks and keep your fish stay happy, healthy and long life, you need to remove some misconceptions about caring betta fish. This article will help you to synthetic some first principles to establish an aquarium for your betta.

The bigger the tank is, the better

Most people prefer to use betta fish tanks for livening up their desks at the office so they keep them in a small fishbowl or vase. Besides that, in the pet store, betta fish are also kept in the same way. But although betta can survive in the small tank not mean that this is the ideal environment for them.

If you want to provide them a tank where your fish can live a happy life, healthy and long life, we recommend that you should not keep them in any tank smaller than 2,5 gallons. At least a 10 gallons size tank is ideal for the betta, and bigger is better.

They need room to swim around and do exercise, and you will need a blank space to add more plant or hide placement, which helps betta feel comfortable. Moreover, the larger tank will reduce the frequency-time that you need to change the water and the filter will work more effectively.

 Using the filter for a betta tank

In order to provide them a happy life, although betta fish do not really need a filter, you still need to add the filter for them. With a filter, the tank requires less time of frequent water change to keep the water quality up and remove toxic debris.

Betta fish do not produce much waste like other fish, so you just need to use a small hang back on the filter. A larger canister filter is superfluous.

Beta also enjoys the water environment with litter or no water movement. Choosing the filter with a low flow filter or have a low capacity for your tank.

What Are The Best Heater Pads For Leopard Geckos?

If you have never keep any leopard geckos before, you have to learn how to provide them with adequate heat. Unlike mammals, leopard geckos cannot regulate their body temperature by themselves.

In the wild, leopard geckos usually get the warmth by hiding in the enclosed spaces, between the rocks underground because leopard geckos absorb heat through their bellies.

Therefore, in the captivity, you should provide them the similar heat sources. This is why you will need the best heat mat for leopard gecko.

Heater pads for leopard gecko

Unlike bearded dragons, leopard geckos do not prefer to basking under the sunlight or direct heat sources. So in their tank, they do not need the basking area or heat lamp to get warmth.

Leopard geckos require belly, underside heating in order to digest their food. The best way to heat our leopard geckos is by using heater pads for leopard geckos. Heater pads are the devices that made specifically for reptiles and placed to the bottom of their cage; provide gentle and reliable heat for your leopard geckos.

How to choose heater pads?

Before buying the best reptile heating pad, you should measure your tank to get the suitable size of heater pads. Normally, you should get the heater pad that covers about 1/3 of the tank floor. This will create two different sides in your tank: the cooler side and the warm side.

This will allow your leopard geckos to regulate their body temperature by choosing whether they want to be warmer or cooler. If you are living in a cold climate, you can choose the bigger heater pad, cover about 1/2 your tank floor.

Moreover, you should get a heater pad controlled by a thermostat or you will do not know if this heater pad gets too hot and your leopard gecko might be burned. If your leopard geckos never lie on this heater pads, it’s probably over-heat, and if they become slowly, do not eat much or lie almost the day, it’s probably too cool for them.

Maintaining the overall temperature in your leopard gecko’s cage always stay between 75-90 degrees F.

How to pick a properly fitted mask for horse?

Besides fly spray for horses, fly mask is absolutely essential things that every horse owners will think of to control flies. Biting flies attack horse’s horse may cause painful, allergies or infections.

However, choosing the fly mask for horse is not the simple task. There are many types, styles and features of horse masks available. It can easily be confusing if you don’t know exactly what you are looking for. So how to choose the best fly mask for horses? Here are the critical points to check.

#1 Muzzle

The nose of the fly mash should sit about 1 to 2 fingers width below the cheekbone of horses. If it not, the cheekbone will make up the gap between the edge of the mask and the horse’s head and the flies can easily pass through. Beside the edge of the mask tough the cheekbone also can cause rubs.

Not only that, you should adjust the Velcro and ensure that there is a gap that you can slip a finger or 2 in between the mask and your horse. Any larger gap than this can make the mask easy to come off if your horse rubs his head. You also should not wear the mask too snug against the skin, the horses may get hard to move their head and feel uncomfortable.

#2 Throatlatch

If you do not want you horses feel uncomfortable when moving the head up, the throatlatch needs to fit similarly to the muzzle. Make sure that you can slip 2 fingers in between the throat and the mask. The Velcro that is fastened too tight also tends to lose its effectiveness after a short time of using. However,   Too loose and the mask will easily slide over the ears.

#3 Ears

Next, the mask also should not too tight in the eyes. Since eyes area is the most sensitive part if horse’s face, the protector mask can cause irritations and eye abrasions if it get too closely and rubs on the eyes.  Ensure that the eyes part of the mask is loose enough so that the fly mask does not touch your horse’s eyes or eyelashes.

If you use the mask that make of stuff wire and do not incudes fabric around the eye, carefully check the largest past of the mask is right on your horse’s eye. If the eyelashes is tough the fly mask, that means it is too closely to the eyes.

Musk Turtle

– Musk turtle, How to Care for Musk Turtle, which has several species containing a treacherous musk.

It is in the lower face of the turtle near its tail and it uses it to produce odors to keep its chasers away.

– The adult length is approximately 3-4 inches, dark color, short head as well as short legs.

Steps to take care of

1 – You should know very well about the type of turtle that you own and you choose to be your pet.

2 – This environment is selected according to several factors, first the size, type and accessibility of the turtle. Whether in the house or outside as a garden for example, there are various materials where you can make a place to set up a turtle, many turtle species need a warm place to relax and to light and water to swim in.

3 – It is important to carefully clean the aquarium where the musk turtle is staying from time to time with the interest of removing the residues of food and waste that lead to bacteria and pollution. These things turn into disease-carrying toxins if they are not removed, clean the pond and change the water frequently.

4 – Care should be taken to visit your veterinarian from time to time to protect the musk turtle from various diseases as musk turtle breeding is common, which requires a visit to the doctor constantly for its great importance.

what musk turtle eat

–   The musk turtles feed on meat and plants. How to Take Care of Chicken Turtle. The quality of food to be served is the musk tortoise of carnivores, such as fish and worms, some of which feed on young frogs. The musk turtle is keen to eat marine meat to absorb calcium, Maintain the strength of the shell used as a kind of self-defense, in addition to the plants that prefer to be taken turtle musk are cucumber, lettuce and tomatoes.

– It is important to give calcium cubes to the musk turtle, which helps to give the external cover of its permanent hardness and that is under the supervision of a veterinarian.

Common diseases of musk turtle

Respiratory disease is one of the most serious diseases that can affect musk turtles and can lead to death.

Symptoms: nasal obstruction, frequent exhaustion and open mouth more than usual, and also issued turtle sound like snoring, with a liquid mucus on the mouth and nose.

Reasons: Lack of temperature required so that the turtle can coexist with the surrounding environment, excessive heat, severe cold.

Treatment: It is necessary to warm the place where the turtle lives, and be careful to visit your veterinarian for examination and treatment immediately.

How to take care of map turtle and everything you need to know

Map turtles have a large following in turtle hobby for several years. These turtles in North America are restrained and many species are exotic for their plant habitats. In addition, they can be active spectators and swimmers. The maximum species are beautiful with hard patterns. Sexual dimorphism is excessive on the map turtles with girls who are much taller than men. The map turtles had been proposed for the protection of CITES. However, this idea has not continued. The map turtles or “sawbacks” are an incredible species that should not be overlooked for an exclusive reproduction application.

Environment

Although similar to sliding turtles and painted turtles card have some specific and special wishes. Map turtle are usually located in clean, fast-flowing rivers and require filtration loads and oxygenated water from their captive enclosures. However, a 20 gallon aquarium is good for 2 or 3 small children. However, a caretaker wants to make sure that the water stays soft. We use a free space on the outside and at the same time add a small stone of air to give the water a little more oxygen and a bit of turbulence. They show that they love him! These turtles are Baskers. Be sure to describe some areas of driftwood and other places where you can relax and receive heat and UVB radiation.

Watch out for the aggression in the map turtles during development. Large specimens Women are generally often aggressive towards subordinate individuals and smaller turtles housed with them. Therefore, it is very important to have a large amount of decorations and one or two more relaxing places for your surroundings and stay away from the crowds.

Map turtles thrive in the door ponds. They can be enthusiastic fans, so it at least has a great place to sunbathe. Northern species hibernate, and care must be taken to create a sketch for a moderately cool hibernation site. Most southern species will prefer to be indoors at colder elements of winter weather (between 45 ° and 50 ° F). However, you should stay cool during this time to encourage courtship and breeding habits when they become less warm in the spring.

For outdoor facilities we support that you no longer overwhelm your Map turtles. By adding a large amount of aquatic vegetation, especially floating species (water lettuce, water hyacinth and duckweed), the turtle pond on the outdoor map turtle remains healthy and the oxygen content high.

Food and vitamins

Map Turtles are omnivores. In captivity, most of their food routine consists of floating aquatic turtles and a variety of aquatic flowers. In general, young and young turtles feed on a larger number of plants than adults. Physically, adults develop large, muscular jaws in response to natural weight loss of hard-shell snails and crayfish. They also eat a massive kind of beetles. Freeze prawns and krill are a great gift for map turtles. These can be found at most pet stores that offer ingredients and elements for tropical fish.

health

Map turtle are often two with problems with the shell. When natural sunlight and indoor UVB are no longer present, in many cases they increase the structure of a moderate fungal infection. Now it is not complicated with ulcers, so it looks like a white or gray spot to spread over most of the shell if it is not treated. Acriflavin and direct drying have proved nice day to prevent the development of the fungus.
>>Read more: How to care for musk turtle: Everything you need to know