Best aquarium power filter: MarineLand Emperor Bio-Wheel vs Aqueon QuietFlow LED PRO

In a basic aquarium set up, a fish tank filter will be a secret key that determines the success of this aquarium. The power filter keeps the water clean and circulates air through. 

The best power filter will perform the main stages of the nitrogen cycle to remove algae, nitrate, ammonia, particles suspended in the water to keep the water clean and safe for your adorable fish and plants.

Between many different brands and types of filters out there, we narrow down and introduce here two reliable power filters that will work perfectly with your aquarium: MarineLand Emperor Bio-Wheel vs Aqueon QuietFlow LED PRO.

#1 Power

Before choosing any power filter, you have to ensure that it is can handle your tank by carefully reading the details about the filter power that the manufacturer offer provide on the filter box. In order to get the best result, you should buy the filer power that strong enough to handle at least 4 times water in your tank per hours

Marineland Emperor is certified to filter for 400 gallons per hour and it can be used for aquarium up to 80 gallons. Means while Aqueon QuietFlow LED PRO comes with more options to choose from. 

It has 5 sizes that can work for 10 to 75 gallons tank. The capacity is large enough to handle the most common aquarium out there. It further delivers an impressive 400 gallons per hour of filtration.

#2 Filtration Media

Ideally, the power filter should include 3 filter media with at least 3 stages of filtration: mechanical, chemical, and biological.

Aqueon QuietFlow LED PRO provides mechanical, chemical, biological and optional, additional specialty pad filtration. This great power filter can be able to deliver the best possible performance of the filtration process. 

It also comes with 2 large Aqueon replacement cartridges for standard filtration and a specialty filter pad size of 20/75 that is important for removing the ammonia odor, water cloudiness, and debris from the water.

Marineland Emperor offers 3 filter media. The special filter pads for filtering of the water, catching any debris that might be contained in the water. It also provides the extra slots, which allow the user of adding more media installed so that filtration is even better.

The patented Bio-Wheel technology provides excellent wet/dry biological filtration for the tank. It is also good for the growth of beneficial bacteria.

Best aquarium filter for large tanks: Fluval Canister FX6 Filter VS. Marineland 350 Penguin Filter

An aquarium not only a decoration but also can bring health benefits and relations for the owners. And the larger aquarium is always better since there is more room for decorating and adding fish. Large tanks also require less effort of maintaining.

However, the larger the tank is, the more powerful a filer you will need. But if this is the first time you get to know about the filter, we will help you make the decision by introducing the two best aquarium filter for larger tank: Marineland Penguin 350 BIO-wheel Power Filter VS. Fluval Canister FX6 Filter.

#1 The filter size

The fish tank filter for a larger tank that means they are designed to handle more amount of gallon water, so they often bigger than filers for a small tank. Fluval FX6 is a canister filter; it will take more space than most other types of filters. The dimension is 11.5 x 13.5 x 9 and range to 11.5 x 20.5 x 12.

Marineland Peguin 350 is a bio-well hang on back filter, this filter will require the space to install outside the tank since it is hang on back. This filter also needs a bit more space for the wheel.

These two filters are both installed outside the tank. So before decide to buy them, you should check your blank space to ensure that the filters will fit the space that you have.

#2 Capacity

If your tank is not too big, at mid-range sized tank, then Marineland Penguin 350 is the ideal option for you. It works for aquarium up to 70 gallons in volume. It also can handle 350 gallons of water per hour.

While if you own a very large tank, will Fluval FX6 may be a better option for you. It is more costly than other devices, but it is certainly worth it. Fluval FX6 designed to uses for the tank is up to 400 gallons in volume and astounding 563 gallons per hour.

These two filers have a different capacity and handle different types of aquarium. In order to get the best results, you are recommended to use these filters for the tank size that has a smaller volume than what the filter is designated.

#3 Filtration effectiveness

Fluval FX6 Canister includes 6 stages filtration with 3 filter media: mechanical, chemical and biological. You can use it for both freshwater and saltwater aquarium.

It offers smart pump technology and self-starting features. You only need to add water, plugin and the smart pump will do its work. Including removable, stackable media baskets, each one capable of holding 5,9 liters of media.

Marineland Penguin 350 includes the bio-wheel, which is designed for optimal cycling allows beneficial bacteria to be growth in the tank. But this bio-wheel is not really great for aquatic plants.

This filter is also great to remove small particles. But larger particles will require to remove manually.

Why should you need a bearded dragon collar?

Have you ever seen people walk his bearded dragon in a park on a leash? For people who are keeping a bearded dragon, it is certainly their favorite activity outdoor.

In stead let him roam around his terrarium, take him outside with a leash will bring him a lot of health benefit. It will make you surprised due to its convenience that more than you will need.

This following is the reason why you should buy a bearded dragon collar.

#1 Sunbathing

The most important benefit when you take him out on with the best bearded dragon leash to sunbathing is provided him with natural heat. Your bearded dragon, like the other reptiles, need some heat to support his body functions.

Bearded dragon prefers hot sunlight from natural than UV lamps in the terrarium.

#2 Keep him safe

A bearded dragon can be a very active animal, the collar will help you to control him, keep him by your side or may him will disappear some way when walking around.

The collar can also ensure your bearded always safe, be secured, eating harmful insects and won’t get lost while he explores the new surroundings.

#3 Training your pet

Many people decide to buy a collar because of this reason. Training your pet is a hard task but it is not impossible. With the collar to control and training, your bearded dragon can do some tricks like other pets.

#4 Accessory

The best bearded dragon leash can also be an accessory that makes your bearded dragon cute. If your pet felt uncomfortable when you get them on clothes and try to make him look good. You should buy him a collar instead.

 #5 Health benefits

Get him outside to walk with a collar will help him in digesting his food and support other physiological body functions such as the metabolism process, avoid obesity.

What Factors Should I Note When Buying The Best Commercial Shaved Ice Machine?

There is nothing better than enjoying a glass of ice shaved ice on hot days. And it will be more crazy when you can enjoy them at local restaurants with only a limited budget.

Ice shaved is a cool refreshment and a popular choice on summer days. That’s why the best commercial shaved ice machine is also a popular choice for restaurants these days.

This device can provide a large amount of shaved ice in a short time. It is well worth the investment for your commercial kitchen.

You may also like: Best commercial ice machine(reviews 2020) – 5 choose will make you happy.

And before buying, you should pay attention to a few factors to avoid the wrong investment.

#1 Storage space

The storage space in your commercial kitchen will determine the size of the commercial shaved ice machine. So the first thing you should do is check the size of the storage space.

The commercial shaved ice machine comes in a variety of sizes and you should choose the ones that fit your commercial kitchen.

#2 Shape of ice

This is the second factor that you should pay attention to. Some commercial shaved ice machines can only work with a certain ice shape. Some work with all shapes of ice.

The device you choose may only work with ice blocks but not ice cubes. Therefore, you should pay attention to the shape of ice integrated with the device.

Today, there are products that come with self-freezing, and you don’t need ice prepared. So you do not need to care about the shape of ice that the device can work with. But this is an option that needs a little extra budget.

#3 Material

The materials that make up the device are also factors that you should care about because it directly affects the life of the product.

You should not choose materials such as thin plastic because they are not durable. Instead, choose strong, anti-rust materials so it can last for a long time.

#4 Budget

Not all high-priced products are always of good quality. Therefore you should care more about quality than a famous brand.

There are many products on the market that do not come from a famous manufacturer, do not have high prices but work very well.

Optimal crested gecko humidity in enclosure

High humidity levels help reptiles and amphibians in the shedding process and hydration, which is important even when they still small. And crested geckos are no exception.

Before crested geckos shedding, their skin becomes faded and even turn to pale. This is when you have to increase the humidity in the cage. And after shedding done, crested geckos used much energy and then they need time to take a rest. You should give them a humid hide place to take shelter.

Crested geckos shed their skin for about once a month or more, and this is the reason why you should maintain crested gecko humidity in enclosure always at high levels.

Optimal humidity for crested gecko

Crested geckos require high humidity levels. The ideal humidity for crested gecko is between 60-85%. They can also live in the environment with humidity about 50% as long as they provided enough water to drink and you will give them high humidity immediately after. Therefore, optimal humidity for crested geckos in the enclosure should always be about 50%.

Constant moisture can cause the risk of mold and mildew growth, so you are encouraged to make the humidity down to around 50% for a few hours per day before misting it again.

How to keep humidity in enclosure?

To achieve these humidity levels, you should use some moisturizing substrates such as soil mix and moss. Besides, using a humidifier or reptile fogger to maintain humidity levels. Misting is the best way to keep your crested gecko hydration.

Depend on the types your substrate you using, how well your tank holds humidity, the climate of your area, misting the plants, substrates and tank walls at least once a day, in the evening and once again in the morning if needed. One more way to improve humidity is placed a bowl of water under the lamp when the water is evaporated, the humidity levels will increase.

You also should measure and control the humidity levels in the tank by using a hygrometer, or using combines both hygrometer and thermometer in two sides of the tank.

Things You Should Know Before Choosing Leopard Gecko Substrate

There are lots of leopard geckos that lose their lives due to the wrong choice of substrate. Leopard geckos are quite sensitive; this is the reason why many young leopard geckos do not even live for longer than one year.

Therefore, it is important to do your own research about leopard gecko substrate before making the decision.

What is substrate for leopard geckos?

The substrate can be known as bedding is the material that you can place in the leopard gecko tank’s floor for them to walk on.

There are some substrates that are safe for leopard gecko such as paper towels, newspaper, reptile carpet, special clay substrate, etc. And some unsafe leopard gecko substrates like sand, wood chippings, etc.

You also can create the DIY substrate for your geckos by 40% organic soil, 40% sand, and 20% clay. This mixture should be dry totally before you allow your pet uses it.

Tips for using substrate for leopard geckos

You should line a few inches of the substrate at the bottom of your terrarium. This will ensure that the substrate is thick enough. Your pet can safely dig and burrow in this best substrate for leopard gecko.

If you are using the heat pad to warm up your geckos, you should place the heat pad outside under the tank. The heat pad will het up the substrate but do not overheat your leopard geckos, help you maintain the proper temperature in the tank.

Preventing impaction in leopard geckos?

Impaction is a health threat that can happen for every lizard that is kept in captivity, the leopard gecko is no exception.

The impaction occurs when your leopard geckos consume their substrate but it is cannot digest, compact in the intestines and block it. Impaction almost caused by the wrong substrate.

If impaction is not found early, it eventually can lead the death is possible for leopard geckos. This is why you should not use sand as a leopard geckos substrate since the risks that the sand brings far outweigh the benefits.

How To Feed Bearded Dragon?

One of the most important things when deciding to keep bearded dragons is that you have to learn how to feed a bearded dragon. Your bearded dragons require a nutritious diet with a reasonable amount, which will help them live longer, healthy and happier.

There are lots of things when it comes to bearded dragons diet: Some insects and plant matter are highly recommended to offer, but some kind of them should be avoided; the amount of food they should eat depends on their age, etc. Therefore, how to feed bearded dragon is not as simple as it seems to be.

Bearded dragons basic diet

Bearded dragons are omnivorous, which means they can be able to eat both insects and plant-based food.

In captivity, there are some staple insects that you can provide them such as crickets, dubia roaches, hornworms, etc. Some other insects that you can offer them as treat are mealworms, wax worms, butter worms, silkworms, etc.

And fireflies, boxelder bugs, wild-caught insects are very toxic to bearded dragons and should never be provided.

Vegetables take the largest portion of bearded dragon diet. The staple greens and vegetables for bearded dragons are collards, mustard greens, watercress, endive, acorn squash, snap peas, sweet potato, green beans, etc.

And some vegetables below you should feed them rarely or never are: beet greens, lettuce, spinach, tomatoes, avocados, rhubarb. These vegetables can cause health problems for your pet and even cause the dead is possible.

Note: You should never put bearded dragon food directly on the substrate. That will affect their digestive system and even the best bearded dragon substrate is unavoidable.

Baby bearded dragons diet requirement

Baby bearded dragons require much amount of protein and nutrients to grown and build their body. Therefore, they will need to eat more insects than the plant. The number of insects should be accounted for 80% of their diet.

So how to feed a baby bearded dragon? You should allow the babies to eat more frequently than the older bearded dragons. They can be fed for 4-5 meals per day, and you can expect them to eat about 20-70 insects per day.

There is a note that you should feed them with vegetables and fruit before you feed them insects. Because they tend to prefer insects over vegetables, so they might eat only insects and ignore the vegetables.

Adult bearded dragons diet requirement

The requirement of bearded dragons’ diet will change quite a lot when they become adults. Adult bearded dragons almost no longer growing, they also have a risk of obesity and they even can go for a few days without eating.

Due to this, an adult will need fewer insects than a vegetable. They require about 20% of insects and 80% of the diet should be planted.

Besides, you need to decrease the time of feeding them; adult bearded dragons must be offered food only once per day.

What are the right ways to use chicken brooders?

If you have ever seen a mother hen take care of chicks, you will know that during the early days of the chick life, they always hind under their mother’s belly. This happens because they were seeking warmth.

Therefor in the enclosure condition, as soon as you hatched or bought the chicks, you should give them a warm place with a proper temperature for them to grow healthy and comfortable. This place is known as the chicken brooders.

But whether you decide to build your own brooder or buying a brooder, these following are a few things you should know to use a chick brooder in the right ways:


Each chick requires at least a feet square of space. Or at the beginning, you can place them in a small brooder and then after 2-3 weeks when they more grow, you will need to move them into a larger space. If the chicks live in a camp space that does not large enough, the chick could trample over each other, lack of fresh air to breathe and causes the dead is possible.

If you build your own chicken brooder, you should ensure that the space is at least 12 inches of height for the chicks are 1-2 weeks old. When they turn to 6 weeks old, they should be placed in the best chicken brooder which has at least 24 inches of height. The lower brooder will get the risk that your chickens hopping out.

You can also add a screen to cover the brooder as a lid in order to stop them from hopping out and protect them from other animals and curious kids. But the screen has to allow the chicks to get enough fresh air.

For the bedding, pine shavings are a common choice that easy to find, inexpensive and keep warm for the chicks even in the colder months. You can also use the newspaper as bedding but remember to avoid cedar shavings. Cedar can contain oils that can cause toxic to your chickens. You should spread about a couple of inches of bedding in the brooder floor initially.

Why do you need the best thermometer for fish tank?

Have you ever wonder that in the natural, how do the fish live without a heater?

So why do we need to keep our aquarium at a constant temperature?

It is due to how fast the temperature changes. In the wild, with so much amount of water, it will take a long time (a day or even a season) for the temperature to go down or rise up, long enough for the fish to get in the swing of changing water.

On the contrary, the aquarium habitat, with a much smaller amount of water, the temperature rapid swings and causes the problems. This is the reason why you will need the best thermometer for fish tank to maintain water temperature.

What happens if the water temperature is too high/low?

When the water is too cold it will affect your fish’s metabolism, this process will slow down, and your fish are slow and sluggish too, especially with the topical fish.

In the case of water is too warm (when it reaches 90 F degrees and more). The metabolism process becomes faster and your fish are more active than normal. But when it happened, it causes the risk of shortage of oxygen because warm water contains less oxygen than cold water. Do not enough oxygen your fish can suffocate.

The changing quickly of temperature can also increase the risk of stress for the fish and lead to the weakness of the fish immune system. And the dead become possible for your fish.

Due to these reasons up to here, it is so important to have the best aquarium thermometers to help you maintain and monitor your aquarium water.

What is the ideal temperature that you should maintain in your aquarium?

Each type of fish requests their own temperature and also have different stiff upper lip levels of temperature swings.

Coldwater fish requests an ideal temperature below 68 F degrees (20 C degrees).

Tropical fish request ideal temperature from 75 to 80 F degrees (24-27 C degrees).

Temperate fish have a wider range of temperature than others that mean they are easier to keep.

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