Coconut Fiber vs Excavator Clay: What Is The Best Substrate For Leopard Geckos?

When it comes to the substrate for leopard geckos enclosure, it is important to find out the substrate that will not only make them feel comfortable in their home but also keep them safe and healthy.

There are some serious health problems for your leopard geckos if you choose the wrong substrate.

Two of the most common substrate are coconut fiber and excavator clay substrate. In order to figure out about these two substrates, knowing the pros and cons behind each substrate and finding what is the best substrate for leopard geckos between them, follow our article below.

#1 Natural and safe

Both coconut fiber and excavator clay are considered the best substrates bedding leopard geckos. They are both made of all-natural materials (clay and coconut fiber).

They are entirely safe to use for leopard geckos and do not contain any toxic chemicals that may harm your pets. You will not worry about the skin and eye irritation that cause by the substrate when using these substrates.

#2 Supports burrowing

Burrowing is one of the natural behavior of leopard geckos. You should provide the good condition for your geckos to perform this behavior by giving them a substrate that fine enough for digging but it is should not too tough so it can injure leopard gecko’s toes.

Excavator clay substrate is a good option since it holds the shape well with fine texture. It allows the gecko to build tunnels and create their shelter place underground.

Coconut fiber substrate although do not as structured as excavator clay but it also allows leopard geckos burrowing holes.

#3 Comfort

Although excavator clay has a naturalistic appearance it is cannot bring a comfortable feeling as much as coconut fiber.

Meanwhile, coconut fiber is the best bedding for leopard geckos with the comfort it gives leopard geckos. Coconut fiber is completely gentle and soft on leopard gecko’s feed. You can use it damp and dry for tropical and desert species.

#4 Humidity

Excavator clay requires frequently misting to maintain its texture and the humidity levels that your leopard gecko needs. It is can be the trouble when your leopard shedding their skin and require a high level of humidity.

While coconut fiber can do so great at retaining moisture and humidity in your leopard gecko’s tank. It is naturally absorbent that can retain both heat and humidity.

Moreover, the coconut fiber substrate also has been known as the ability to control odor and break down waste products.

What are best fly sprays for horses?

One of your biggest nuisance for every horse owner and the horse is flies. As a horse owner, it is your responsibility to control these bothersomes insect. Flies are not only annoying, they are also carry disease and a hazard for the horse health. Besides, they leave the painful bites on horse’s body, what make the horses stressful and unpleasant.

However, with so many different fly spray products for hourses on the market, it can be hard to find the ones that work best. This is why I have considered the price, type, ingredients and features of each fly spray and choosing here top 5 best fly spray for horses.

#1 Pyranha Wipe N’Spray Fly Protection Spray for Horses

It is obvious top 1 on mu list as it is consider as the most effective in temporarily getting rid of annoying flies. Not only flies, it also can control mosquitoes and gnats. What I like about this product is tha it can be use even in the rainy season. It will stay and protect your horses without beding washed off by rain or water.

Pyranha Wipe ‘N Spray has the special design from pyrethrum – an effective fly repellent . It can either be spraied it or wiped onto your horse’s coat. It comes in a jug of 1 gallons and premixed. After being wiped, it will make the horse’s hair become nice sheen thanks to lanolin – a coat conditioner. It also not irritate yoou due to the nice citronella scent.

#2 Absorbine – UltraShield EX Fly Spray, Insecticide and Repellent for Horses

The most attractive feature of this fly spray is that it design to be weatherproof, resistant to sweat. Due to that, you can use it during the rain season or summer. Especially, you may surprised that it can control the files for yp to 17 days. It contains natural Pyrethrins in the formula. It can be consider as the most effective insecticide-repellent on the market today. It can be used on dogs as well.

Although it is not alsway be as long as the 17 days but there are not much fly spray products has longer duration than this one. It also contains contains sunscreen and coat conditioners for the nice, shine coat. Its ingredients includes Pyrethrins (from chrysanthemums), Permethrin, and Piperonyl Butoxide, thes are organic and safe for horses. It comes in a 32-ounce premixed spray bottle.

#3 Farnam Endure Sweat-Resistant Fly Spray for Horses 14-Day Long Lasting Protection

Farnam product this fly spray specially for sweaty and wet conditions. It has the features of control fly for up to 14 days before you need to re-spray it. Its infredients includes cypermethrin 0.15%, pyrethrins 0.20%, piperonyl butoxide 1.60%, and butoxypolypropylene glycol 5.00%. It comes in a 32-ounce pump spray bottle.

The bottle features an ability of 360-degree non-aerosol continuous spray. Which will ensure your horse is completely coated. It also features RepeLock, it is a special conditioner that not only help shine the coat but also binds to the hair shaft. However, the drawback is that it relatively expensive than other fly spray products.

#4 Farnam Tri-Tec 14 Fly Repellent Spray for Horses with Sunscreen

This is another fly spray product that is guaranteed to 14 days protect your horses from six types of flies plus gnats, mosquitoes, lice, and deer ticks. It comes in a jug of 50-ounce jug. Its formula includes cypermethrin, pyrethrins, piperonyl butoxide, and butoxypolypropylene glycol. It is premixed so you just need to pour it in the spray bottle. However, it does not comes with the spray bottle so you will need to purchase separately.

#5 Espree Aloe Herbal Fly Repellent Horse Spray

If you are looking for the organic, totally safe and environment friendly fly spray products, this is the way to go. This fly spray from Espree is produced from all natural ingredients that are safe for your horses and the environment. It is made of botanical oils to get rid of flies.

Besides, it also includes coat conditioners and sunscreen, which will keep the shine, nice coat for the horses. It also good if you are worry about any harm to your animals, this organic spray is the best choice for you.

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Horsemen’s Pride Himalayan Salt Block on Rope for Horses, 4.4 Pounds, SS44 from $10.02
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Weatherbeeta Prime Ear Bonnet Solid Color from $27.99
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What is exact type of UVB bulbs that your reptile or amphibian need?

We all know that reptile need UVB light is important for reptiles and amphibians to regulate the synthesis of Vitamin D3, wich allow them absorb and use calcium. However, there are many different species of reptile and several different options of UVB bulbs to choose from.

How do you know what is the best UVB bulb for your species of reptiles? Not all the UVB bulbs have the same strength and range of lengths. This post will help you figure out which option is the right one for your pet.

#1 Linear Fluorescent Lighting

Linear fluorescent UVB bulbs will fit into most fluorescent fixtures. They do the great job to emit low to moderate levels of UVB. They also provide decent even illumination across a large area in the tank.

Although Linear fluorescent are not the strongest UVB bulb available, they suitable and provide enough amount of UVB for animals that have have low to moderate UVB needs and can bask within 12-20″ of the bulbs.

Linear Fluorescent Bulbs come in 3 different strengths:

In general, 2.0 bulbs emit very little usable UVB and should be used for reptiles that have low or no UVB needs such as Poison Dart Frogs, Leopard Geckos, Crested Geckos.

5.0 bulbs are designed to emulate moderate UVB levels, which is suit for animals that live on the forest floor such as green iguanas, anoles, panther chameleons and other jungle or forest animals.

10.0 bulbs mimic the intense UVB emitted in the deserts area. They are ideal for bearded dragons, ackie monitors, chuckwallas, veiled chameleons.

#2 Compact Fluorescent Lighting

There were some debates about compact fluorescent bulbs in the past. But that was corrected long ago, modern compact fluorescent UVB bulbs are perfectly safe to use with your pets. The advantages of these bulb are inexpensive, fits in most incandescent sockets, and low wattage.

However, compact fluorescent UVB bulbs are inefficient and producing UVB radiation. They also have narrow focus that should be placed at or near the basking spot.

Compact fluorescent UVB bulbs came in 3 different strengths: UVB 100 bulbs are equivalent to the former 5.0 bulbs. UVB 150 bulbs are approximately equivalent to former 10.0 bulb. UVB 200 bulbs emit intense Uvb that should not be used for any reptiles or you will have to place it up to about 18 inches away from your pets.

#3 Mercury Vapor Lighting

Mercury Vapor bulbs have longest lifespan in compare with other types on this list, with many bulbs only needing to be replaced after 12-18 months. They produce heat as well as UVB. However, they produce intense UVB output, which make them only suit for full sun animals such as monitors or bearded dragon.

This is the drawback that you should take not that mercury vapor bulbs cannot be used in smaller habitats, or with species that require cooler temperatures. Also, not all the fixture can use with mercury vapor bulb as their high operating temperature.

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Zoo Med ReptiSun 5.0 UVB T5 HO Lamp, 39 Watts from $13.50
ATI Blue Plus T5 HO Lamp – 450nm – 36 in. – 39W from $21.95
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Bulbrite F39T5 835/HO 39-Watt High Output Linear Fluorescent T5 Bulb, 800 Series, 3500-Kelvin, Mini Bi-Pin Base, 3-Inch from $19.48
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What are the different types of puppy cages?

In order ensure your puppy starts his life comfortably and remains healthy and happy for years to come, you will have to provide him the best good cages for puppies. A crate will help you manage your dog and an essential purchase that can serve multiple purposes.

Although all puppy cages are design for housing dog, but they can have many different features and so you should to do a little research before purchasing.

#1 Material

Most puppy cages are made from one of four basic materials: plastic, metal wire, fabric, or wood. Some crates are lightweight and dainty and ultra-portable, while others are built like tanks that will prevent your dog from escape.

Cage made from plastic may even be suitable for small or well-behaved puppies, these will make them feel safe and provide privacy. However, dogs who like to chew on things or tent to escape attempts will need cages made from metal or very strong plastics.

#2 Collapsible cage

if you plan on traveling with your dog while he’s inside the cage or you usually bring he with you on the road, then these are nothing better for you than a collapsible cage. You will want a cage that are easy to flatten and carry with you. The collapsible cage will save the space and easier to store if you only use them sporadically.

Plastic cages do not collapse to flatten. You can take them apart for storage but this doesn’t really save you much space.

#3 Two doors cages are better than one door

I would like to recommend choosing two doors cages in stead of one door, two doors are much more convenient. Having a top opening doors make it much eaiser for you to access the cage, interact with your pets, load and unload them. You will not need to bend to the ground to be in touch with your puppies.

Two door cagea with a front door provide more placement flexibility than single-door cag. In the cage if you want to place the cage in the corner, against a wall, which would render one of the doors useless. But if this is two doors cage, it still works.

#4 Divider

There are some type of cage will be equipped with divider. These are not for keeping two dogs in a single crage. The main purpose of them is allow you to increase and decrease the size of a single puppy’s cage.

In this way, you do not need to another cage when their puppy grows. Also, you can get the large cage that’ll suit your pet once he’s full grown, but you can reduce the size of it.

Frequently Asked Questions About Best Incubator

Hatching your own eggs may not an easy task especially for the beginner but it is can be one of the most rewarding experiences. If you are looking for the best incubator for your eggs, this post bellow will help you go about halfway success.

If you choosing the wrong incubator, your eggs will not be kept in the proper temperature and humidity and cannot grow up and hatch successfully. There are some basic things you need to know before buying the best incubator.

What is the best incubator that you should choose?

Although digital automatic incubator may seem more expensive than the other types of the incubator, my advice to you is that you should purchase on the automatic versions.

Automatic devices are expensive but it will save your money in the long term of using than manual devices.

The best automatic egg incubator will allow you to easily monitor and control humidity and temperature inside the incubator. It is better if the incubator comes with powerful temperature control.

One more feature that the best incubator should get is an alarm feature that can alert you when the temperature and humidity are out of the safety range that you set up before.

Will all the incubators turn the eggs?

There are some products of the incubator that will offer the automatic turning egg feature.

However, if your incubator cannot turn the eggs automatically, you will need to manually turn your eggs for at least 3 times per day of purchase on the external egg turner.

How much does incubator cost?

You can get the best egg incubator with the cost from $100 to $600. The cost also depends on the dimension of the incubator. If you are planning lots of eggs, you will need to purchase on larger devices and it will make you more money.

The prices also increase depending on the quality and features of the devices. A high-quality incubator comes from a reliable brand usually more expensive.

What are the best foods for small parrot?

Parrots can only live life to the fullest, and stay healthy with the proper type of food. If it is the first time you housing a parrot, you may surprise to know that not all parrot foods are created equally and not one food product can suitable for all parrot species.

It is essential to do some research about the best parrot food before purchase on this product. If you want to ensure that you provide them the best nutrition possible, you have to get the right type of food that designed for a certain size bird. Here are my 5 recommendations of special pallet food products for small parrot.

#1 TOP’s Parrot Food Marlene Mc’Cohen’s USDA Certified Organic Signature Blend Bird Seed and Pellet Mix

It is the ideal food that made from unique formula and provide nutrient for the growth and overall development of your parrot. This food is particular designed for smaller parrot species. The drawback is that it has the relatively expensive price tag than other normal products but it can offer the quality that worth your money.

It is made from USDA organic certified ingredients and provide a range of nutrients for your parrots. Its ingredients are alfalfa, barley, sunflower seed hulled, quinoa whole, buckwheat hulled, etc. They are all natural and no any artificial ingredients, flavors, vitamins, sucrose/sugar, or preservatives and no peanuts, corn, or soy is typed in the formular. It can be used as the daily food for parrot but should not overfeeding them.

#2 Kaytee Fiesta Variety Mix Big Bites Small Parrot & Conure Bird Food

This the food product that is special made for small parrots and conures. This is the healthy food as it contains omega 3, which support the parrot’s brain and heart health. If your parrot is the picky eaten, I would like to recommend this food.

It is included variety food type such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds, which help simulates the eating habits of your parrots. However, the drawback of it is that parrots may only pick out the pieces that they like.

This is an enriching variety of flavors and textures, parrot will love to enjoy the chewy texture of this food. It can be used as the daily food for parrots because it is complete and nutritionally balanced. You can expect that it is more enrichment than other pellet in the market.

#3 SLEEK & SASSY NUTRITIONAL DIET Garden Small Hookbill Bird Food for Cockatiels, Lovebirds, Quaker Parrots & Small Conures

Sleek and Sassy’s product surely has a space on my list as it is the reliable and well known brand for producing bird food. It is made of all natural ingredients Grass Seeds, Oil Seeds, Whole Grain plus Papaya, Pineapple, Carrots, Sweet Potato, Sweet Garden Peas and Spinach.

What I like about SLEEK & SASSY NUTRITIONAL DIET is that they pack their products in Oxygen filled packaging to ensure enzyme rich seeds and grain to preserve the nutritional value and increase the shelf life. Enzyme is the main key which help simulate digestion and assimilation of most nutrients.

This food is a good source of protein, vitamins, minerals and all the essential amino acids. It is available in 3 sizes are 2lbs; 4lbs and 20lbs.

#4 HARI Tropimix Premium Enrichment Food For Small Parrots

This food is guaranteed to not includes any type of artificial colorings, artificial flavors, and chemical preservatives. This food provides vitamins, minerals, and amino acids plus minerals for the development of parrots. Not only that, this food is designed to encourage foraging. foraging will support your parrots mind and body active, simulate activity while they eat.

This is one of the finest appetizing food for even picky parrots. Its ingredients includes grains, legumes, fruits, and nuts. They are available in 3 sizes are 2,4 lbs, 4 lbs, and 20 lbs.

This food also good for the development of vibrant feathers and strong bones. It is totally edible and does not includes husks and shells.

#5 Kaytee Forti-Diet Parrot Food

Kaytee provide a high quality foot that suitable for small, medium and large parrots. It is a source of Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, which is good for the health of brain and heart. It is certified by USDA to included ingredients that contains vitamins and minerals for enhanced and vibrant skin and healthy plumage.

After open the packaging, this food can be used for 30-45 days, under the proper storage condition of dry and cool location. This food also helps to support the natural foraging behaviour of parrots. This is also one of the parrot foods that contains prebiotics and probiotics, which will promote the digestive health and immunity of parrots.

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What Can A Bearded Dragon Eat And Not Eat?

Bearded dragons are omnivores and they do not very particular about their foo. Bearded dragons can eat insects, vegetables and fruit. However, you should provide them diets that include a wide variety of food.

In order to feed them with diversity in diet, you should research what can a bearded dragon eat and not eat.

There is a huge variety of vegetables, fruits, and live food that you can feed your bearded dragons. But there are also some foods that you should only feed them rarely or do not feed.

Bearded dragon food list

#1 Live insects

Staples insects that you can feed bearded dragons unhesitatingly: cricket, locusts, dubia roaches, cockroaches, king worms, wax worms, butter worms, silkworms, etc.

Insects that you should not too feed them too often: mealworms, zoophobic, wax moth larvae, super worms.

#2 Vegetables

Staple vegetables and greens should be feed often: Radish green, pumpkin, carrots, zucchini, chicory, romaine, peas, green beans, sweet potato, clover, collards, kale, collards, mustard greens, parsley, etc.

Vegetables bearded dragons can eat occasionally: Lamb lettuce, broccoli, chines cabbage, cucumber, kohlrabi leaves, fennel leaves, sprouts, tomatoes, sprouts, starfruit, etc.

#3 Fruits

Fruits that bearded dragons can eat: Apple, mango, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries, pear, papaya, melon, etc.

Harmful food for bearded dragons

What can bearded dragons not eat? You need to be careful and make sure that bearded dragons not to be fed the foods that unsafe for their health.

#1 Insects

Fireflies: Fireflies are toxic and can kill your bearded dragons if you are feeding them fireflies.

Wild insects: It is a risk that the wild insects will carry parasites and pesticides that extremely harm bearded dragons.

#2 Vegetables

Lettuce. The reason that your bearded dragons should not eat lettuce that because there is not any nutritional value contained in lettuce.

Spinach and beet tops and rhubarb: These vegetables contain chemicals that harm your pets or even can be deadly poisonous for them.

#3 Fruits

Kiwi: some types of soft fruit like kiwi contain a high level of sugar and can ferment that not goof for bearded dragon’s teeth.

Avocados: Never feeding avocados for bearded dragons due to its high amount of oxalic acid, which can cause death for dragons.

Note: Besides the best diet, you should also choose the best bearded dragon substrate, which does not affect the digestive system so much when it is eaten.

Animal shop near me: What are Must-have products for pet?

If you are a new owner of pets and wonder what is the best product you should buy for them, then take a look at our article below before you are looking for animal shop near me.

Finding the perfect products for your pets can be the trouble for anyone who has their own pet.

You will want to buy the best for them but there are a lot of produces in pet boutiques such as premium foods and treats, beds, toys and even clothes.

#1 Bedding

The first thing that you should buy is a comfortable pet bed that made for your pets. A bed covered in fluffy sheepskin will be the best for a baby to keep them warm and cozy during the night.

When they grow, you can change for them a bed stiffer in design or a wide range of pillows, cushions,… Choosing a removable cover bed will more easy for you to laundry. A bed fit with your pets will make them feel more secure.

Especially for reptile pets, the bedding is indispensable. You should choose the best bearded dragon substrate or the best substrate for leopard geckos based on their characteristics.

#2 Collar and leash

Your pets will need a collar and leash as soon as you bring them home. Personalized pet collars have become popular because you can add your address, name, phone number and your pet’s name tag in this collar.

In the case, if your pets get lost and someone found out them, people will able to contact you.

The collar attaches to the leash, helps you control your pets when walking outside or if you want to train them. For the first collar of pet, choosing the soft materials. The collar should also fit with their neck so it won’t slip off or be too tight.

#3 Grooming

Besides bathing your pets, they also need to groom and brush. Making your pets a grooming routine even as a baby by buying them some products such as blow dryer, comb, shampoo and conditioner.

How To Breed Bearded Dragons?

Bearded dragons are kept as pets in captivity can essentially mate at any point around the year. But breeding bearded dragons not as simple as just placing a female and male together in the same tank. This work requires your knowledge, technical and also your money.

If you want your bearded dragon to live healthy during the breeding process, you should learn how to breed bearded dragons before you decide to breed them.

Prepare to breed your bearded dragons

Bearded dragons are considered enough mature to breed when they at least 18 months old. For the females, the ideal age for them to mate is 24 months old. Therefore, you should ensure that your bearded dragons get old enough before you breeding them.

In order to keep your female dragons stay healthy and are not lack calcium after laying her eggs, you should provide them calcium and vitamin D supplementation for at least two weeks before breeding.

Breeding your bearded dragons

Step 1:

First of all, place your male and female bearded dragons in the best tanks bearded dragons. Ensure that this tank is large enough for two dragons, it is should be at least 75 gallons. You also should give them some accessories in this tank such as shelter places, rocks, and branches, in order to help them feel comfortable in the new environment.

Step 2:

Observe them when they are mating, ensure that they do not fight each other. During the mating process, male bearded dragon will climb on the female’s back and bite her neck to keep her stay. It just takes a few minutes for the breeding process.

Step 3:

After 4-6 weeks since they breed, allow your female bearded dragons to lay her eggs when you notice some behavior such as she is eating less and start digging into the substrate. You may also see the eggs appear through her belly.

Provide her a proper box to lay eggs. This box should be at least 8 gallons and contain about 8 inches of the mixture of topsoil and sand. Ensure that this mixture is damp enough for your pregnancy bearded dragons can be able to dig deep into it.

Step 4:

Incubating the eggs using the best reptile incubator. Gentle placing the eggs in the incubator. Eggs should be incubated for 60-90 days. You should maintain the temperature in the incubator for between 80-85 degrees F. And the ideal humidity is between 30-40%. You can use the thermometer to control the temperature.

Glass or Plastic: Which is the right material for small animal water bottle?

Water bottles are usually considered to be a better option than traditional water bowls as they keep water cleaner and fresher than bowls. Before making a purchase, it is important to discuss the materials in order to ensure that you are getting only the best small animal water bottle.

In general, small animal water bottles have to choose between plastic and glass units. Neither material is good for all circumstances, and they both have a different set of benefits and drawbacks.

#1 Pros of glass water bottle

Glass provides more important benefit than plastic. Most of us know that just about water tastes better out of a glass bottle than in the plastic as if keep the water fresher and it won’t retain odors the way some plastic bottles do.

Glass does not leach when it is place nearby or under the sun/heat. Plus, it’s also non-toxic and completely safe for long-term use, and it does not get moldy. As long as it’s not dropped or smashed, glass tends to be more durable than plastic. Glass water bottles are usually considered safe since they are chew-resistant especially if you are raising rodents.

Most glass bottles are even dishwasher safe. They are also easier clean than plastic as it can be wash with hot water.

#2 Cons of glass water bottle

However, glass is much heavier than plastic and it is obviously breakable, which can cause safety issues. One more downside of glass bottle is if it it is dropped, it is breakable and less likely to last a long time compared to plastic.

The biggest drawback is that the cost of a glass water bottle is generally much higher than other options.

#3 Pros of plastic water bottle

Plastic models, on the other hand, are the best if you are on a budget. Plastic water bottles are cheaper to produce than glass. Plastic seems to be the most popular water bottle in the market. Due to this, you can easy find them with varies style, color and design.

They are also lightweight, making them easy to handle and easier to mount to the side of a cavy cage. You don’t have to worry about breaking a plastic water bottle if you drop it.

#4 Cons of plastic water bottle

However, plastic water bottles can be difficult to clean especially if it is a narrow-mouthed model, and they are rarely dishwasher safe. You have to ensure that you choose the ones that are BPA-free plastic, otherwise it may the unsafe water bottle for your pet.

One of the biggest downsides to plastic water bottles is that they leach. If you are apprehend over plastics leaching chemicals, it is better to avoid plastic bottle.

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