Rat like clean, spacious area, free of fecal matter and food wastes. However, they quite messy and they need to go bathroom a lot. You will need to provide them a litter box in the corner of the cage. The litter material for rats should be good at absorb urine and feces.
However, if you want to save your money or if you want to ensure that the ingredients of litter are suitable and safe for rats, then you should make it by your own. Here are some good options of best rat litter that you can easy find around.
#1 Shredded Paper
This is a really cheap or even free option. The advantage of shredded paper is that whether torn by hand or put through an office shredding machine, it is recycled paper, scoring high on texture soft, absorbent, and creates very little dust. You should only use matt paper printed with non-toxic inks.
It can be the great option for rats with dark fur, but the ink may discolour light-coloured rats. There is the not when use shredded paper that you should tear it into short pieces as long strips can be tangly, and are also more likely to have sharp edges. Avoid glossy paper since it is not absorbent.
#2 Toilet Tissue
The rolls of toilet tissue can be use as both litter and bedding in the cage. You do not need to shred it yourself. You rat will love to tear it into pieces so let them do it. The drawback of toilet tissue is that it cannot last for long and you will need to replace it frequently. However, it is soft and comfortable litter, absorbent and less of dust.
Some pet owners prefer to place just some old clean cloth in their rat’s litter box. This is particularly best if your rat is allergic to other kinds of beddings. You can so the shredding or allow your rat have funny time with this work.
Take note that if you are going to use old cloth, use the one with fabric that doesn’t produce long threads such as fleece or microfiber. Do not use some ratty tatty cloth with long threads that can cause injuries when wrapped around your rat’s tail, legs, paws or neck.
Hardwoods like aspen, oak or ash are safe for rats because they do not produce noxious fumes. It is not costly material if you can obtain a single split piece of firewood and is easy to produce in large quantities. However, the drawback is that hardwoods are quite dusty and messy so if you rat have sensitive respiratory, you should not go with this.
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